Maize is considered the third most important cereal crop after rice and wheat in the world. This cereal is referred as Miracle crop and Queen of the Cereals due to its high productivity potential compared to other Graminacea family members. It is a seasonal crop, annually it can be harvested thrice i.e., in Kharif, Rabi and summer seasons. Maize usually grown as a pure crop in some instances it can be taken up as an inter crop with different crop combinations like sugar cane, cotton, vegetables, legume crops etc.
Maize, in recent past, is gaining more popularity across the globe than any other cereals crops due to its significant utility in diversified sectors in various forms like in industrial production as a major feed source for animals and for human consumption.
In addition to this utility factor, low cost of cultivation, easy adaptability to various climatic conditions, increasing productivity, minor fluctuation in prices compared to other cereals and finally high potential for export demand from all over the world.
Maize cultivation is seen through the length and breadth of the country, in three seasons in a year. In India, 80- 82% of the crop harvested from kharif season. In this season sowing takes place after onset of the South West monsoon i.e., from June month and continue till August month. It is a short duration i.e., 120 days for one season. Left over production comes from Rabi and summer crop under well water managed conditions. Rabi sowing takes place in the months of October & November.